Aluminum in automotive applications will grow to a record

Aluminum in automotive applications will grow to a record

Aluminum in automotive applications will grow to a record

According to U.S. media reports, Randall Scheps, Alcoa (Alcoa) Automotive metal, marketing director, said it was a great opportunity to enter the aluminum industry, major car manufacturers all hope expand them in the cars aluminum range of applications.

Audi 25 years ago has aluminum applied to the car, and has become a client of the active pursuit of aluminum applications, especially reflected in its recently launched The limited edition A8 flagship model. Now, the German luxury car manufacturer is expanding its aluminum applications in high-volume A6 and TT Roadster. Scheps said that in the next five years, you will see more and more high-volume mass-market car with aluminum body, and North America will lead the trend, but he refused to disclose the brand of vehicles of this trend. However, in January of this year, Ford announced its 2014 launch of the next generation of F series full-size pickup will use aluminum body panels, because the car manufacturers are working to meet the increasingly stringent fuel economy standards. Nissan Infiniti luxury brand in the New York Auto Show in April this year, unveiled its EL electric concept car, and all-aluminum body, and the car will be produced.

Scheps is the Transport Group of the U.S. Aluminum Association President, it also said that the all-aluminum body so far are broken down vehicles, this part of the annual sales volume of vehicles about 2 million. But in the next five years, the delivery of this part of the model will reach 200,000 per year. Predicted that the North American automotive industry in the next five years will surpass Europes largest consumer market of aluminum. An aluminum body of the car to the highest possible can be 1,aluminum boat builders.000 pounds (454 kilograms) of aluminum, including the wheels, including the engine and gearbox. The proportion of European producer of aluminum cars are roughly the same with the United States, but European car smaller in size, therefore the total aluminum content will be low. In addition, the Asian car manufacturers will join the lineup. Honda and Nissan will become the leader of the Japanese aluminum applications, some of the Toyota may will later adopt.

Scheps said that Chinas production of the car you want to usher in the larger aluminum applications is estimated to have to wait for some time, and will be divided into two phases : The first stage will be abroad in China, a joint venture; the second stage, or will occur after ten years, including the local original equipment manufacturers. More stringent fuel economy and emission standards, vehicle manufacturers in order to meet these requirements, the final will be large-scale use of aluminum products, aluminum applications can help them without sacrificing interior space and performance of the car under the premise to adopt ultra-high fuel efficiency and lightweight powertrain. The aluminum industry is to increase production to meet the growing demand. Such as the United States Aluminum recently announced its Davenport, Iowa plant investment of $ 300,000,000, the plants car production of aluminum products. The investment will add 150 jobs, and once the plant is completed next year, expansion, will have 2,300 workers to work here.

U.S. Aluminum in Saudi Arabia production of the worlds largest and lowest-cost fully integrated aluminum complex. In addition, there is a production of automotive body sheet rolling mill, the annual output of 100,000 tons, the project will be with the 2014 line. In fact, fuel economy is not only the car manufacturers want to use more aluminum products of reason, the second dominant factor is the corrosion resistance of aluminum products and strong performance of the collision. Aluminum can absorb the collision energy is twice that of steel. With the accelerated development to the aluminum applications, the automotive industry and aluminum industry is also facing some challenges. For example, the need for more technical staff training to allow them to better accomplish the maintenance of aluminum, but Scheps think this is entirely achievable.

Scheps pointed out that some high-strength steel products is difficult to repair. The industry has a maintenance manual update for aluminum products in Europe. In addition, the electric vehicle industry is expected to come from the growing demand for aluminum this metal, because the industry “light” is a must. Compared to the amount of expenditure spent on aluminum,aluminum blocks. the battery can be described as very expensive, but through the use of aluminum, you can save $ 3.

Scheps expected U.S. car manufacturers pound steel cost U.S. $ 0.30-0.50, while the cost of aluminum per pound to $ 2, and the cost of the aluminum complex The price is as high as $ 10 per pound. Although the price of aluminum is very expensive, but he believed that compared with high-strength steel and aluminum in the future still has an advantage, because only high-strength steel is difficult to reduce vehicle weight. The Scheps do not think that the higher cost of aluminum will be a stumbling block for large-scale use of the metal, he said that car buyers are ready to spend money on aluminum, so will be a lot less in spending on gasoline. If the cars fuel economy of 54.5mpg (4.3L/100km), consumers also need to pay a lot of the cost.